Clinical Focus: Interprofessional and Patient-Centered Care

Strategy Overview:
Recognizing the value of members of the health care team, ensuring the patient and/or family are active partners, and participating in a team-based approach to care are basic competencies which are necessary for safe patient care (American Association of Colleges of Nursing, 2008; National League for Nursing, 2016). Collaboration with members of the interprofessional team is also included on the NCLEX-RN test plan (National Council of State Boards of Nursing, 2019). This teaching strategy is intended to introduce novice prelicensure nursing students to interprofessional and patient-centered care.

Strategy Implementation:
This learning activity was used in a junior-level prelicensure clinical course. Students had experiences in medical-surgical, pediatric and maternal-child nursing during the semester, and could complete the activity during any inpatient clinical day. The attached worksheet (Clinical Focus: Interprofessional and Patient-Centered Care) was completed about the assigned patient, in addition to the routine client assessment worksheet, and submitted to the Clinical Instructor at the end of the day. Clinical Instructors were encouraged to discuss student observations and recommendations during post-conference.

This learning activity could be adapted to any clinical setting. It could also be used as an alternative clinical activity for low census days or days when an assigned client is discharged.

References:
American Association of Colleges of Nursing. (2008). The essentials of baccalaureate education in nursing. Retrieved from http://www.aacnnursing.org/portals/42/publications
/baccessentials08.pdf

National Council of State Boards of Nursing. (2015). 2019 NCLEX-RN test plan. Retrieved from https://www.ncsbn.org/testplans.htm
National League for Nursing. (2016). Guide to effective interprofessional education experiences in nursing education. Retrieved from http://www.nln.org/docs/default-source/default-document-library/interprofessional-education-and-collaborative-practice-toolkit1.pdf