Author: Lindsay Larison, BSN, RN
Title: Registered Nurse
Institution: Randolph Hospital Emergency Department
Coauthors: Rhonda K. Lanning, RN MSN CNM IBCLC
Learners will be able to:
- Define sex trafficking.
- Recognize signs of sex trafficking.
- Understand the nursing role as it pertains to sex trafficking, in relationship to nursing assessment, interventions, communication and patient-centered care planning.
- Identify barriers that victims of trafficking may have from leaving the trafficking situation.
- Role play the implementation of patient-specific interventions for the care of the client who is a victim of trafficking by the use of simulations, case studies and/or in-class discussions.
- Identify resources available for victims of trafficking and healthcare providers.
Sex trafficking is an issue that nurses in the United States need to be aware of in order to provide the best care to their clients. It was estimated in 2005 by the U.S. Department of Justice that there were between 100,000 and 150,000 people living and working as sex slaves in the United States, and these numbers are only rising. It is imperative that nurses know how to recognize signs of trafficking and know how to intervene in order to protect the health and safety of the clients that they work with.
In order for nurses to confidently and successfully intervene when they find themselves in situations where trafficking is suspected, they must be educated. I propose that utilizing the Sex Trafficking and the Nursing Role: An Online Educational Module for Nurses could be very beneficial in this endeavor. Accessible at www.nursingstrafficking.web.unc.edu, the module was developed to be learner-focused to meet each individual’s stylistic learning needs, including: a lecture on the topic with resources provided to reflect evidence based practice guidelines, assessment of potential victims, and interventions related to sex trafficking in various formats; two case studies, both of which are adaptable for use as simulations, and pre- and post-tests reflecting module content.
The intended use for the Sex Trafficking and the Nursing Role: An Online Educational Module for Nurses is for incorporation into the registered nurse curriculum, particularly as an addition to the public health nursing course. Faculty would follow-up in a variety of ways, which they can tailor to the needs of their students. Educators could use the module quizzes as an assessment of module understanding for a grade in their courses. The case-studies could be distributed as an essay discussion assignment or could be used to assess understanding as part of a simulation or class discussion; participation and understanding may be evaluated as strictly as the educator sees fit, no rubric is included in the module for case-study grading purposes. Furthermore, the module could be an efficacious teaching tool used as continuing education units for graduate students, nurses in practice, as well as other healthcare providers.
The content included in the lecture portion of the module is intended to define sex trafficking and to make learners aware that sex trafficking is a problem in the United States. A description of different modes of sex trafficking, at-risk populations, the process of victimization, and barriers to escape are included in the module. The module also includes a discussion on victimization, nursing assessment and interventions, and the role of the law in sex trafficking.
All of the module study materials are accessible at nursingstrafficking.web.unc.edu.
Within the module, there are a variety of ways to assess the student’s learning. First, there are multiple choice and fill-in-the blank assessments that faculty can use to ascertain how much of the material the students are retaining from the lecture. Also, the module includes case studies, which could be used as live simulations as well, where faculty can see how students relate the material to “real-life” situations.
Although currently the module has not been evaluated for efficacy, one way to test this would be to assess learners’ knowledge of the subject matter before and after they view the module lecture. This assessment could be completed with the tests included in the module. Also, asking students to complete a survey after they complete module activities would be helpful. Questions included in this survey inquire what new information students learned from the module, and would seek student opinions on the module format and material.